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How long to depreciate commercial real estate

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SEO Meta Description: Discover the timeline for depreciating commercial real estate in the United States. Learn about the factors influencing depreciation, the depreciation methods available, and the potential tax benefits.


When investing in commercial real estate, understanding the timeline for depreciation is crucial. Depreciation allows property owners to deduct the cost of their property over time, reducing their taxable income. But how long does it take to depreciate commercial real estate in the US? In this article, we'll explore the various factors that influence depreciation, the methods available, and the potential tax advantages.

Factors Influencing Depreciation:

  1. Property Type:

    • Different types of commercial properties have varying depreciation periods. For instance, the IRS typically allows a 39-year depreciation period for non-residential real estate, while residential rental properties have a 27.5-year depreciation period.
  2. Useful Life:

    • The useful life of a commercial property, as determined by the IRS, can impact the depreciation timeline. The IRS provides guidance on the expected lifespan of various components within the property, such as HVAC systems, roofing, and elevators.
  3. Condition and Maintenance:

    • The condition and maintenance
39 years According to the IRS Publication 527, commercial real estate depreciates over a period of 39 years while residential property – including apartments and multifamily buildings – depreciate over 27.5 years. After that time, the property is completely worn out, at least for tax purposes.

Is there a limit on real estate depreciation?

What Is The Rental Property Depreciation Income Limit? Rental property owners who have a modified adjusted gross income of $100,000 or less are permitted by the IRS to deduct up to $25,000 in rental real estate losses each year their property is in service (they actively participate in rental activity).

Can you depreciate rental property over 40 years?

Generally, when you buy a property you can depreciate it over the useful lifetime eg. 27.5 years for residential and 39 years for commercial properties. However, you may be able to accelerate the depreciation of parts of the value of this property.

What real estate is depreciated over 15 years?

Land improvements Residential rental property, in general, is depreciated over 27.5 years. Other asset classes, such as land improvements, are depreciated over 15 years, where appliances and flooring are over five years.

Can you depreciate a commercial property less than 39 years?

Commercial and residential building assets can be depreciated either over 39-year straight-line for commercial property, or a 27.5-year straight line for residential property as dictated by the current U.S. Tax Code.

How long do you depreciate commercial property?

Commercial buildings and improvements are generally depreciated over 39 years. Depreciation means that you can deduct a portion of the building and improvement cost every year over the building's depreciation period (1/39 every year).

What is the Macrs depreciation life for commercial real estate?

Commercial building components are depreciated over 39 years straight–line (SL) while residential real estate is depreciated over 27.5 years SL. Certain land improvements can be depreciated over 15 years utilizing 150% declining balance (DB) and certain personal property can be depreciated over 7 or 5 years at 200% DB.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the depreciation periods for real estate?

27.5 years If you own a rental property, the federal government allows you to claim the depreciation of the property every year for 27.5 years. If you use the property for business or farming for more than 1 year, you can deduct the depreciation on your tax return over a longer period of time.

How many years do you depreciate a commercial building?

Commercial Building Depreciation Life In the United States, for example, commercial real estate is typically depreciated over 39 years for tax purposes under the Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS). However, certain components of the building may have different depreciation lives.

How many years can you depreciate commercial real estate?

Commercial and residential building assets can be depreciated either over 39-year straight-line for commercial property, or a 27.5-year straight line for 

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