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How to form a real estate fund

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Looking to establish a real estate fund in the US? This article provides a step-by-step guide on how to form a real estate fund, covering everything from legal considerations to fundraising strategies.


Are you an aspiring real estate investor in the US looking to pool capital and establish a real estate fund? Forming a real estate fund can be a complex process, requiring careful planning, legal compliance, and effective fundraising strategies. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the essential steps to successfully form a real estate fund in the US, helping you navigate the intricacies of the real estate industry.

#1 Understanding the Legal Structure of a Real Estate Fund

Before diving into the formation process, it is crucial to understand the different legal structures available for real estate funds. The most common structures include:

  1. Limited Liability Company (LLC): An LLC provides flexibility in terms of management and taxation, making it an attractive option for real estate funds.

  2. Limited Partnership (LP): In an LP, there are general partners who manage the fund's operations and limited partners who invest capital but have limited liability.

  3. Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT

In its simplest form, a real estate private equity fund is a partnership established to raise equity for ongoing real estate investment. A general partner (GP), henceforth referred to as the sponsor, creates the fund. The sponsor asks investors, known as limited partners (LPs) to invest equity in the partnership.

Can you start your own REIT?

Your company will need at least 100 investors to be classified as a REIT. You don't necessarily need to get all 100 up front, since the IRS only requires you to meet that threshold by the beginning of the REIT's second tax year.

What is a real estate investment fund?

A real estate investment trust (REIT) is a corporation, trust, or association that invests directly in income-producing real estate and is traded like a stock. A real estate fund is a type of mutual fund that primarily focuses on investing in securities offered by public real estate companies.

How do I set up an investment group for real estate?

Create a plan on how you want your REIG to operate (e.g., rules, fees, and meetings) and what types of real estate you want to invest in; then solicit members, including those who are experienced and skilled in real estate investments. Once the group is formed, market to investors.

What is an example of a good fund in real estate?

Here are the best Real Estate Funds funds
  • IShares Core US REIT ETF.
  • Schwab US REIT ETF™
  • Real Estate Select Sector SPDR®
  • SPDR® Dow Jones REIT ETF.
  • IShares Cohen & Steers REIT ETF.
  • Vanguard Real Estate ETF.
  • Fidelity® MSCI Real Estate ETF.

How do I start my own real estate fund?

10 Steps to Setting Up A Real Estate Investment Fund
  1. Market Research and Strategy Development.
  2. Define the Fund's Founder's Investment Theory.
  3. Legal Structure and Compliance.
  4. Assemble a Qualified Team.
  5. Develop the Fund's Offering Documents.
  6. Secure Seed Capital.
  7. Fund Marketing and Capital Raising.

How do I make a private REIT?

Once you have a plan for what you want to do, the following steps will take you from idea to REIT status.
  1. Form a taxable entity.
  2. Draft a Private Placement Memorandum (PPM)
  3. Find investors.
  4. Convert your management company into a REIT.
  5. Maintain compliance.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is an example of a real estate fund?

Hear this out loudPauseThe Cohen & Steers Global Realty Shares Fund (CSFAX) is one example of a real estate fund that relies on an active management strategy to drive investor returns.

How much money do you need to start a mutual fund?

Although there are mutual funds with no minimums, most retail mutual funds do require a minimum initial investment of between $500 to $5,000, with institutional class funds and hedge funds requiring minimums of at least $1 million or more.


What is a real estate mutual fund?
Real Estate Funds are sector funds that invest in securities of companies from the real estate sector. In other words, these funds provide the capital to the real estate company to develop a property. If the sector grows, then the fund makes good returns.
How to make money in real estate development?
Overall, property development can be a profitable venture for those who are interested in real estate. Developers make money through acquisition, development, financing, and sales or leases. Success in property development depends on factors such as location, market conditions, planning and design, and timing.

How to form a real estate fund

What is fund management in real estate? Funds management—also referred to as asset management—covers any kind of system that maintains the value of an entity. It may be applied to intangible assets (e.g., intellectual property and goodwill), and tangible assets (e.g., equipment and real estate).
How do real estate private equity funds make money? Real Estate Private Equity Definition: Real estate private equity (REPE) firms raise capital from outside investors, called Limited Partners (LPs), and then use this capital to acquire and develop properties, operate and improve them, and then sell them to realize a return on their investment.
  • What is the legal structure of a real estate fund?
    • Real estate funds are almost always closed- end funds. A closed-end fund is an investment fund intended to last for a fixed term, usually between five and ten years. Investors in a closed-end fund are generally not permitted to make withdrawals or additional capital contributions during the life of the fund.
  • How does a real estate fund make money?
    • Real estate funds gain value mostly through appreciation and generally do not provide short-term income to investors the same way that REITs might. Still, real estate funds can offer a much broader asset selection (and diversification) than buying individual REITs.

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